Mother's Day celebrations appear to have started back with the ancient Greeks and Romans who held spring festivals to honor the mother of their gods, Rhea for the Greeks, and Cybele for the Romans.
Christians also had a holiday honoring Mary, the mother of Jesus, that was held the fourth Sunday of Lent. In the 1600's England expanded this religious holiday to include all mother's and the day became know as the Mothering Sunday.
In the United States, Anna Jarvis is the woman primarily responsible for the campaign that made Mother's Day an official national holiday. Anna's mother, who died on May 9th, 1905 had attempted to establish "Mother's Friendship Days" in the late 19th century to help the country heal after the civil war.
On May 10th, 1908, 3 years after her mother's death, a special service honoring mothers both living and deceased was held at Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia. Anna was determined to have Mother's Day recognized as a national holiday and in 1914 congress passed a resolution proclaiming the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day.
Anna also is responsible for another Mother's Day tradition. She sent thousands of carnations to be given to participating mothers at the Mother's Day services she started in Philadelphia. Red carnations were used to honor living mothers, and white carnations(which were her mother's favorite flower) were used to honor deceased mothers.